2018 TREE SEEDLING DESCRIPTIONS
EASTERN WHITE PINE: (2-2yr. Transplant) A beautiful majestic evergreen when planted as a single specimen tree, this very hardy pine grows stately and gracefully tall. Bark is thin, smooth and greenish-brown, turning darker as trees mature. Grows well in a wide range of soils. Soft, light bluish-green needles grow in clusters of five. With adequate moisture, growth can be 12”-18”per year. Useful for windbreaks, wildlife and Christmas trees.
NORWAY SPRUCE: (2-2 yr. transplant) One of the fastest growing of all spruces. An attractive, pyramidal evergreen with distinctive sweeping branches. Shiny green 1/2-1 inch long, flat needles.Beautiful spreading branches with drooping twigs. Grows on most sites except where soil is water soaked. Once established will thrive under seasonal drought. Grows in full sun to partial sun to a mature height of 75-100 feet, used for windbreaks.
COLORADO BLUE SPRUCE: (2-2 yr. transplant) A dense conical with stout, prickly, 3/4 to 1 1/4 inch needles, excellent deep blue color throughout the entire tree. The most adaptable of the spruces, it prefers rich moist soils in full sun and also thrives in dry, well-drained sites. It has a medium growth rate and may reach 30 to 60 ft tall.
WHITE SPRUCE: (2-2 yr. transplant) This spruce is a very hardy, fast rate of growth compact tree with short blue-green needles. A dense pyramidal tree widely used in hedges and windbreaks or Christmas trees. Grows to 60 feet tall and spreads to 25 to 30 feet across. This spruce tolerates a wide variety of soils.
AMERICAN ARBORVITAE: (2-2 transplant) Also known as White Cedar. Grows to 40 feet. Spread 10 to 15 feet. Evergreen foliage is scale like and flat. Grows in ordinary soil, and also does well in swampy areas and alkaline soil. These trees are pyramidal in growth and well suited for windbreaks, plant 4 feet apart. This Arborvitae is a faster, taller and slightly wider growth than pyramidal arborvitae. Good wetland plantings. Useful for windbreaks and nesting birds.
CANADIAN HEMLOCK: (2-2 year transplant) One of the most beautiful evergreens due to its lacy graceful growth. Can be pruned to maintain desired height. Yellow-green needles in spring changing to a glossy green. Prefers part shade but will do well in full shade or sun. Likes moisture. Shelters small plants from drying winds.
BALSAM FIR: (2-2yr transplant) This pyramidal evergreen will grow in cool, moist and swampy ares. Fragrant Christmas tree and good ornamental. Mature hight 45-70 ft and width 20-25 ft.
RED OAK: This fast growing oak, maturing with a broad round head, leaves turning a red to reddish-brown in autumn. Used both for timber and shade. Will tolerate a wide range of soil types from acid to alkaline. It thrives in full sun to partial sun. Mature height 75 to 80 feet. It is commercially valuable timber and provides acorns for wildlife.
WHITE OAK: A large (50 to 80 feet) majestic native tree with wide spreading branches and leaves of blue-green turning wine-colored in fall. Grows best in a deep, loamy, well drained soil. A good tolerance of highway salt. Tolerates most soils except those very wet. Thrives in full sun to partial sun. It has a slow to medium growth rate. This ornamental shade tree provides sweet acorns loved by birds and animals, especially deer.
TULIP POPLAR: This tree is fast growing and can attain a height of 100 ft. It is intolerant of shade and prefers rich, moist soil. It has a greenish-yellow flower that is tulip-shape and is generally free of pests and disease, which promotes its growth.
BUTTERFLY BUSH: A small shrub achieving 10 ft if not cut back but often dies back close to the ground in most winters. This bush is known as a profuse summer-flowering shrub whose fragrant flowers attract many butterflies and hummingbirds.
WINTERBERRY: A slower growing shrub with bright red fruit which ripen in late August and will hang on into January making for fantastic winter. Adaptable to we conditions and native in swampy areas. H. 6-10 ft and W. 6-10 ft
JAPANESE LILAC TREE: Bears broad green leaves and fragrant white flowers, which are borne in large teminals 6-12 inches long and 6-10 inches wide panicles. This is and extremely showy in flowers and good in large groups in landscaping.