Tree Descriptions

2019 TREE SEEDLING DESCRIPTIONS        

EASTERN WHITE PINE: (2-3 yr. Transplant)  Height 50 - 80 ft.  A beautiful majestic evergreen when planted as a single specimen tree, this very hardy pine grows stately and gracefully tall.  Bark is thin, smooth and greenish-brown, turning darker as trees mature.  Grows well in a wide range of soils. Soft, light bluish-green needles grow in clusters of five. With adequate moisture, growth can be 12”-18”per year. Useful for windbreaks, wildlife and Christmas trees.

NORWAY SPRUCE: (2-2 yr. Transplant)  Height 40 to 60 ft  One of the fastest growing of all spruces. An attractive, pyramidal evergreen with distinctive sweeping branches. Shiny green 1/2-1 inch long, flat needles. Beautiful spreading branches with drooping twigs.  Grows on most sites except where soil is water soaked. Once established will thrive under seasonal drought. Grows in full sun to partial sun to a mature height of 75-100 feet, used for windbreaks.

COLORADO BLUE SPRUCE: (2-2 yr. Transplant)  Height 30-60 ft  A dense conical with stout, prickly, 3/4 to 1 1/4 inch needles, excellent deep blue color throughout the entire tree. The most adaptable of the spruces, it prefers rich moist soils in full sun and also thrives in dry, well-drained sites. It has a medium growth rate and may reach 30 to 60 ft tall.

WHITE SPRUCE: (2-2 yr. Transplant) Height 40-60 ft  This spruce is a very hardy, fast rate of growth compact tree with short blue-green needles. A dense pyramidal tree widely used in hedges and windbreaks or Christmas trees. Grows to 60 feet tall and spreads to 25 to 30 feet across. This spruce tolerates a wide variety of soils.

AMERICAN ARBORVITAE: (2-2 yr  Transplant)  Height 40-60ft  Also known as White Cedar. Grows to 40 feet. Spread 10 to 15 feet. Evergreen foliage is scale like and flat. Grows in ordinary soil, and also does well in swampy areas and alkaline soil. These trees are pyramidal in growth and well suited for windbreaks, plant 4 feet apart. This Arborvitae is a faster, taller and slightly wider growth than pyramidal arborvitae. Good wetland plantings. Useful for windbreaks and nesting birds.

DOUGLAS FIR: (2-2 yr Transplant)  Height 30-60ft  A splendid pyramidal evergreen conifer, with short-staked flat, dark green or bluish-green needles, 3/4" to 1-1/4 " long.  Bears cones at maturity 2" to 4" long.  A rapid grower, hardy tree that grows well in a variety of soils, but does best in deep well-drained soils. Full sun.   Beautiful Christmas tree, picturesque ornamental, windbreak, and can be sheared as hedge.

Concolor Fir: (2-2yr. Transplant)  Height 30-50 ft  One of the most beautiful pyramidal coniferous ornamentals.  An evergreen with flat, varying soft green to deep blue needles. 1-1/2 to 2" long, bearing cones 3" to 5" long at maturity.  A very hardy tree growing in a variety of well-drained soils, standing dryness and high temperatures better than other firs. Rapid grower after becoming established.  Makes a handsome ornamental specimen, and decorative Christmas tree. 

 

 

RED OAK:  This fast growing oak, maturing with a broad round head, leaves turning a red to reddish-brown in autumn. Used both for timber and shade. Will tolerate a wide range of soil types from acid to alkaline. It thrives in full sun to partial sun. Mature height 75 to 80 feet. It is commercially valuable timber and provides acorns for wildlife.

WHITE OAK:  A large (50 to 80 feet) majestic native tree with wide spreading branches and leaves of blue-green turning wine-colored in fall. Grows best in a deep, loamy, well drained soil. A good tolerance of highway salt. Tolerates most soils except those very wet. Thrives in full sun to partial sun. It has a slow to medium growth rate. This ornamental shade tree provides sweet acorns loved by birds and animals, especially deer.

TULIP POPLAR:  This tree is fast growing and can attain a height of 100 ft. It is intolerant of shade and prefers rich, moist soil. It has a greenish-yellow flower that is tulip-shape and is generally free of pests and disease, which promotes its growth.

SUGAR MAPLE: Height 70 to 100 ft. An attractive maple that can be used for dual purposes.  A handsome tree for shade.  Rounded head with dense green foliage having serrated tree to five lobed leaves.  The smooth silvery bark becomes darker as the tree ages.  Mature trees produce sap in spring that can be used for making delicious maple syrup and sugar.  Wood of these trees is hard maple, valuable for floors and furniture making. Foliage that turns shades of red and orange in the fall.

Black Walnut: Height 50 to 75 ft.  Native nut tree of eastern United States.  Medium size,round-headed tree known chiefly for its edible nuts and prized for its fine wood in furniture construction.  Grows in a variety of soils, but best in fertile, well-drained soil.

EASTERN RED BUD: Height 20-30 ft. A small flat-topped tree, producing pink blooms on bare stems in early spring.  Foliage is large and heart-shape, changing to yellow in the fall.  Does well in a protected location.

SWEET GUM: Height 60ft.  Broad pyramidal tree with glassy, sharply lobed star-like leaves, brilliant cimson in the fall  Grows well in ordinary, rather moist soils. 

DAWN REDWOOD: Height 75 to100ft.  One of only a few deciduous conifers.  It is a large, fast growing tree that can make an excellent  shade or street tree if  the lot is large enough.  Has opposite needles that are approximate .5" long.  They turn shades of reds and browns in autumn before falling. Grows best in moist, well-drained soil.  It does not do well in alkaline or dry soils. 

HONEYSUCKLE DWARF BUSH: A dense, mound of deep green leaves serves as a backdrop for showy yellow flowers appearing in June and July.  This Honeysuckle is pest-free and tolerates poor, sandy or rocky soils without flinching.  Dark-green leaves change from yellow to orange-red in autumn and its capsule-like fruit is a songbird favorite!